Perimenopause Information

Supporting women going through all stages
of perimenopause and onwards.


Headaches are a common symptom of perimenopause, the time leading up to menopause. They can be caused by a number of factors, including hormonal changes, stress, and lifestyle changes.

  • Hormonal changes: Estrogen and progesterone levels fluctuate during perimenopause, which can trigger headaches in some women.
  • Decline in serotonin (a neurotransmitter) in the brain, which may hinder the function of a cranial nerve called the trigeminal nerve. This cascade of events may be responsible for triggering headaches or migraines. Hormonal fluctuations may be the main culprit if a woman experiences more frequent headaches or migraines during perimenopause
  • Stress: Stress can also trigger headaches. Perimenopause can be a stressful time, as women adjust to the physical and emotional changes that come with it.
  • Lifestyle changes: Other lifestyle changes that can contribute to headaches during perimenopause include:
    • Lack of sleep
    • Changes in diet
    • Weight gain
    • Alcohol consumption
    • Smoking

If you experience headaches during perimenopause, there are a number of things you can do to manage them.

  • See your doctor: If you have new or worsening headaches, it’s important to see your doctor to rule out any underlying medical conditions.
  • Make lifestyle changes: There are a number of lifestyle changes you can make to help reduce your risk of headaches, such as:
    • Getting enough sleep
    • Eating a healthy diet
    • Exercising regularly
    • Managing stress
    • Avoiding alcohol and smoking
  • Take over-the-counter or prescription medications: Over-the-counter medications, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can be effective in treating mild to moderate headaches. If you have severe headaches, your doctor may prescribe prescription medications.
  • Try complementary therapies: There are a number of complementary therapies that may help reduce headaches, such as:
    • Massage
    • Acupuncture
    • Yoga
    • Meditation

If you’re experiencing headaches during perimenopause, there are a number of things you can do to manage them. By making lifestyle changes, taking over-the-counter or prescription medications, and trying complementary therapies, you can find relief from your headaches and enjoy your life during this time.